Reached the following agreement on behalf of their respective governments, after deliberations on various issues affecting the colonial interests of Germany and Great Britain: In 1886, the British Empire and the German Reich issued two statements on their spheres of interest in the Western Pacific. Their full names are: The Heligoland-Zanzibar Treaty (German: Heligoland-Zanzibar Treaty; also known as the Anglo-German Agreement of 1890) was an agreement signed on July 1, 1890 between the German Empire and Great Britain. Britain and Germany agreed in 1885 to negotiate a joint declaration on their spheres of interest in the Western Pacific. Previously, German plans to annex New Guinea, described in a German newspaper,[1] and the rapid development of German and French trade had caused unrest among Australian politicians.[2] Both powers wanted to protect the interests of their citizens and businesses, but the Western Pacific was too important to risk a conflict over it. [2] Negotiations on declarations began in 1885 and were conducted between Mr. Thurston for Great Britain and Mr. Krauel for Germany. Bismarck`s nomenclature, however, implied that Germany had exchanged an African empire for tiny Helgoland („pants for a button“). [4] This was eagerly adopted by the imperialists, who complained of „treason“ against German interests. Carl Peters and Alfred Hugenberg advocated for the founding of the Panlleman Association, which took place in 1891.

[5] I ask the Under Secretary of State of the Foreign State of 1531 which parts of the German sphere of influence in Africa are mentioned in Article VIII. the Anglo-German Agreement, by which the German Government undertakes, under that article, to apply the free trade provisions of the Berlin Act of 1885? No date has been set for the adoption of the protectorate. As for the second paragraph, it would be unfair and apolitical to call for the confiscation of domestic slaves in a Muslim country as soon as it is placed under British protection; but it will be our duty to protect ourselves against abuse with all the means at our disposal and to ensure the proper functioning of the Brussels Act, which will ensure its gradual annihilation. I would ask you to ask the Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs when Britain should take control of the protectorate over Zanzibar under the German-British agreement; and does he promise that if this protectorate is taken over, slavery within the borders of the British protectorate will no longer be legal? The entire German sphere in East Africa, with the exception of the strip of territory on the coast, 10 miles deep, which now belongs to Zanzibar. Only within the limits set by the Treaty of Zanzibar or the Brussels Law – i.e. 5%. in one case and 10 per cent. in the other. As I recall, the United States took an exceptional position at the conference. Is it not true that, according to Article VIII? of the 1533 Agreement, will Germany have the power to introduce a tariff of protection if it acquires a narrow strip of territory on the continent? The declaration applied to the entire area between 15 N and 30° south latitude and between 165 degrees West and 130 degrees East.

[4] The boundary between the spheres of interest should be a line that begins near Mitre Rock in northeastern New Guinea at the 8th parallel of the southern latitude, and then it should follow the points: the honourable Member will realize, I think, that this will be replaced by the Brussels Law. I would like to ask the Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs whether his attention has been drawn to the fact that, in accordance with Article VIII. He immediately declared a protectorate over Zanzibar and took full control of the sultanate in the Anglo-Zanzibar war of 1896. The HTML version of these documents remains fully accessible to all. However, access to the original PDF is reserved for clients of the Jus Mundi – Arbitration Research offer. The treaty served German Chancellor Leo von Caprivi`s goals of reaching an agreement with the British. After the Berlin Conference of 1884, Germany had lost in this phase of the „race to Africa“: the German East African Company led by Carl Peters had acquired a strip of land on the coast of Tanganyikan (which led to the Aboushiri uprising of 1888), but had never had control of the islands of the Sultanate of Zanzibar; the Germans gave no vital interest. In return, they acquired Helgoland, strategically positioned for control of the German Bay, which had become essential to Emperor Wilhelm II`s plans to expand the Imperial Navy with the construction of the Kiel Canal from 1887. Wilhelm`s naval policy broke a rapprochement with the British and eventually led to a rapprochement between Britain and France, which was sealed in 1904 with the Entente Cordiale. Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of His British Majesty Sir Edward Baldwin Malet, Anglo-German Treaty (1 July 1890) Unlike the other documents on the Mundi juice, these arbitral awards were rendered between two private parties and were initially confidential. I ask you to ask the Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs whether, in accordance with Article VIII . .